exposure of vessel

 

exposure of brachial artery

exposure of bifurcation of brachial artery

exposure of radial artery

exposure of ulnar artery

exposure of superficial and deep femoral artery

exposure of femoral artery

 
exposure of brachial artery

incision was placed along its medial border just behind the biceps muscle.

 

the biceps muscle is retracted anteriorly and the triceps posteriorly.

- the median nerve is superior to the brachial artery

 

retract brachial vein posteriorly to expose ulnar nerve

** ulnar nerve อยู่หลังต่อ brachial vein

exposure of bifurcation of artery

S-shaped incision was made at antecubital fossa

 

division of biceps aponeurosis

** จะเห็นอะไรบ้าง

++ radial artery

++ ulnar artery

*** basilic vein and median nerve จะอยู่ posteromedial ต่อ artery

++ basilic vein

++ median nerve

exposure of radial artery

The incision is placed on the anterior surface of the forearm

 

identify radial artery

exposure of ulnar artery

dissection of pronator teres

 

identify ulnar artery

expoure of superficial and deep femoral artery

a vertical oblique incision is made in the groin.

 

the fascis overlying the vessels is cut with a pair of scissors.

 

a sling is passed around the proximal and distal control of femoral artery (common and superficial femoral arteries and the upper branches of the deep femoral artery.

 

the small veins which often cross its origin and lower down the circumflex femoral vein are divided and the vessel fully exposed.

exposure of femoral artery

a vertical incision is made in the mid thigh.

 

the vastus medialis and adductor longus muscles are separated and the artery exposed.