invasive diagnostic procedure  

scalene lymph node biopsy

- scalene lymph node biopsy เป็นการทำอะไร

- indication scalene lymph node biopsy

- scalene lymph node biopsy มีเทคนิคในการทำอย่างไร

- complicaiton of scalene lymph node biopsy

scalene lymph node biopsy เป็นการทำอะไร

 

indication scalene lymph node biopsy

 

scalene lymph node biopsy มีเทคนิคในการทำอย่างไร

 

 

complication of scalene lymph node biopsy

thoracentesis

- indication thoracentesis

- contraindication thoracentesis

- technique of thoracentesis

- complication of thoracentesis

indication thoracentesis

- diagnostic evaluation

- therapeutic evaluation

 

contraindication thoracentesis

** absolute contraindication

- severe bleeding diathesis

 

technique of thoracentesis

 

complication of thoracentesis

- pneumothorax

- bleeding from injury vessel

- vasovagal-mediated bradycardia and hypotension

- re-expansion pulmonary edema

video-assisted thoracoscopy for diagnosis

- technique of VATS

- contrandication VATS

- complication of VATS

technique of VATS
 

contraindication VATS

 

complication VATS

- vascular injury

- intercostal nerve injury